The Challenges Around Investing in African Startups — a perspective from Tania Ngima

The Challenges Around Investing in African Startups — a perspective from Tania Ngima

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There is no denying that financial capital is an important element for business growth. Sufficient working capital allows a business to take advantage of new opportunities that come up, invest in new assets, or hire more staff to expand operations. As mentioned in the previous article, it is unfortunate that a lack of sufficient capital has been the nail on the coffins of far-too-many startups, especially in Africa.

We had a conversation with Demo Venture’s CEO, Tania Ngima, who shed light on why it is hard to sell African ideas to investors, especially international investors.

Demo Ventures is the investment arm of Demo Africa, an initiative which runs pitching competitions and serves as a launchpad for innovative African technologies.

There is a market gap that Demo Ventures satisfies. On one hand, investors want to invest in Africa but may lack sufficient knowledge about the market. Also, they might not have the bandwidth to manage multiple investments, preferring instead to makemikrobølgeovn med grill og varmluft comprar fatos de treino adidas baratos astro a50 ps4 and pc mikrobølgeovn med grill og varmluft jayden daniels jersey meia com pompom polaroid κάμερα meia com pompom gepunktete strumpfhose comprar fatos de treino adidas baratos polaroid κάμερα brandon aiyuk jersey youth golf d mallas para hombre nike astro a50 ps4 and pc single large investment — if at all. That is why you will see that an approximate 40 %* of the funding that went into the African startup ecosystem during the first half of 2018, went into two companies only; Cellulant and Branch (Link Here). At the same time, there are many startups that are looking for different sizes of funding. So Demo Ventures was started to bridge that gap. Currently; it is in the process of raising 100 million $ in equity to invest in early-stage tech startups focused on consumer web and mobile, renewable energy, and financial services, among other industries (Link Here).

So why is it hard to sell the African dream to investors?

Infrastructural and political challenges

Conducting business in the African market is not easy, with challenges existing at both the macro-level and micro-level scale.

Macro-level challenges could be infrastructural, like nonexistent roads or minimal access to electricity in rural areas. In some cases, there are restrictive policies and high import tariffs that make it expensive to do business in emerging markets, compare to other more developed markets.

Unstable political climates tend to hinder business growth as well. For example, on the 15 Jan 2019, Zimbabwe’s government shut down the internet after protests turned deadly (Link Here). Imagine the impact of such a shut down on businesses operating within the country.

Headline-grabbing news like these tend to make investors nervous.

Problems with Execution

Micro-level challenges deal with business execution — or the daily operations of running a business. Tania Ngima notes, “The difference in execution is the difference between being able to give your investors a return on investment, or not.”

She mentions that execution problems tend to center around the founding team. Sometimes, they get so passionate and invested in the shape or form of their original idea that they might not be willing to be agile and open to diverse opinions The questions that they need to ask themselves are, “Are we willing to rethink our product if the market is not adopting it as anticipated? Are we willing to rethink our business models to deal with changing legislation ?”

Another challenge with the ecosystem is that local investors are hard to come by. Only recently are angel investors from Africa coming around to invest in startups, as there is the old-school thinking of investments only being poured in real estate or government securities. Because of that, it’s very easy for international investors to raise the question, “If you can’t get your own people to invest in you, then why should we?”

Personal Challenges

Finally, entrepreneurship as a legitimate career path is still not fully understood or accepted culturally. While it is easier for children who grew up within entrepreneurial families to become entrepreneurs, the road for the rest of the population is paved with thorns.

Entrepreneurship is generally viewed as the option until one gets a real job. Also in the case that someone tries to pursue a business venture alongside a real job, the side hustle is not given the energy and focus it requires. That could at times translate into higher failure rates.

Besides the emotional barriers associated with having family members not accept them for following a unconventional path, entrepreneurs usually don’t have the financial bandwidth to fail fast or fail often. While in the US, there’s more liquidity for startup founders to fail a couple of times, it’s more “do-or-die” in this market.

Or to be more literal, “do-or-get-a-real-job”.

Also, ideas from Silicon Valley are being imported into Silicon Savannah without taking care of the fact that the two markets are nothing alike. In Silicon Valley, there’s more experience in angel investing, and proven track records of successful exits. As Tania is quoted saying, “In Africa, it’s virtually impossible for a startup to exit via IPO as our stock exchanges are not that mature yet.”

Instead, exits are usually made by buyouts or acquisitions.

But there is hope.

More international funders are looking here. The most recent Weetracker report, “Decoding Venture Investments in Africa 2018,” highlighted that over 725.6 Million dollars were invested in Africa in 2018. It also underscores that the money went into 458 startups with 80 % of the deals concentrating around South Africa, Nigeria and Kenya.

This newly-spurred interest in the African startup landscape by venture capitalists is a good thing. It shows venture capitalists have enough confidence to expect a return on investment from Africa, rather than signing it off solely as a place to pour charity money into.

  • 67.5 million $ out of the total 168.6 million $

Story co-written with Amina Islam

 

 

 

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Are You A Visionary Sales Leader

Are You A Visionary Sales Leader

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In a world where the majority of people have become salespeople, it takes more than a title to be a sales leader, especially a visionary one.

And no, multiple years of experience selling does not cut it. Neither does marshalling the operations of a sales team.

Visionary sales leaders stand out, not only by what they do but also how they do it and why. Visionary leadership combines the two skills of seeing the potential for change with the ability to lead others to cause that change. Visionary leaders share the following traits:

They operate on a pull strategy rather than a push one. For instance, rather than push their product down their potential client’s throat, they pull them to buy it by inspiring a vision of how it could improve their life.

They also pull the best out of their team members by communicating the why of what they’re selling rather than its what only. For example, a visionary leader would explain to their team why they should be hitting their sales targets, and would also ensure that outcomes are tied to intrinsic motivation. By contrast, a typical sales manager would most likely use extrinsic methods of motivation, enforcing and reinforcing the carrot-and-stick approach.

They neither bark down commands nor micromanage. Instead, they know how to properly delegate. As a leader, your job is to set expectations and empower your team with the skills and knowledge they need to do their job well. Then you must give them autonomy and get out of their way. More importantly, every employee needs to feel like they’re part of the bigger vision, regardless of their position.

The best way I’ve witnessed that was in a company that made its sales target visible at the front office, and even the receptionist could explain to a visitor what that target’s achievement meant to the company. This made sure that everyone understood the value the company provided, and could potentially go out, and bring in more clients.

They know that selling is about building valuable, meaningful and trusted long-term relationships rather than short-term transactional ones. Imagine coming to the realization that you don’t have the capacity to deliver to a client according to their specifications, and referring them to a competitor with the capacity. The client would appreciate that you made a decision that was good for them even if it jeopardizes your position in the short-term.

Building relationships with their sales team is also important, as they nurture the relationship over a long period of time through continuous training and mentoring, leading to team chemistry and loyalty. This is in contrast with continuously recruiting market champions who come with great experience and contacts, but ask for a very high salary scale and are in many cases, less loyal.

Their mantra is ‘Value, value, value.’ They build sales strategies based on the exchange of value with clients. They also live coherently with personal values such as integrity and honesty.

They listen, patiently, to everyone. They listen to their team to understand the challenges they’re facing, and rather than criticize, they opt to give constructive feedback on their work. They also listen to their clients to get feedback on what they’re selling. They listen to the market to see where it’s going and if they need to pivot their product or service, or reframe the message they use to sell it.

They drop their ego, and let others shineThey don’t try to take credit for everyone’s work. They also keep track of their team’s progress, and hold them accountable to their goals, by keeping the lines of communication open.

This also means giving their team enough freedom to make mistakes, without fearing repercussions. This is done by building a culture where failing forward is allowed, and mistakes are dissected and distilled openly to understand the lessons learnt.

Last but not all, they tolerate risks because visionary leadership is about change…changing lives, changing sales metrics, changing the business, and change is never risk-free.

So how many of your traits describe you?

Leave your comments below.

Co-written with Amina Islam

 

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Digital Experience

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Quisque posuere consequat nisl a sagittis. Maecenas euismod nunc eget eros tincidunt, eu consequat tellus bibendum. Vestibulum ultrices varius elit, non vulputate nunc efficitur ut. Morbi vulputate sapien elementum dictum lobortis. Nunc sodales, mi sit amet pretium pellentesque, turpis lectus lobortis odio, in dictum enim nisi elementum odio. Vestibulum tempor, eros vel facilisis lacinia, ligula sem porttitor elit, ac vulputate velit nibh a elit. Cras tristique ultricies facilisis. Nam augue neque, pulvinar sed nibh ac, vestibulum efficitur ligula. Donec ut ligula sed eros sagittis sollicitudin. In hac habitasse platea dictumst. Phasellus sed molestie mauris. Interdum et malesuada fames ac ante ipsum primis in faucibus. Nunc scelerisque elit quis enim congue, in bibendum tortor vestibulum. Phasellus at lobortis ipsum. Nullam consequat sit amet diam sit amet faucibus. Sed commodo congue volutpat phasellus tempor erat massa.


Rocky Mountains
Integer pellentesque metus vel malesuada accumsan. Proin egestas sollicitudin libero a convallis. Integer sed faucibus eros. Quisque maximus felis est, vel venenatis nisi faucibus non. Ut suscipit velit ultrices dui tempus accumsan. Donec in metus et enim sagittis malesuada id ut eros. Nullam dictum in metus eu fermentum. Nunc pellentesque turpis eu porttitor lacinia. Integer lacus justo, pulvinar eget magna sed, maximus egestas enim. Duis a nulla eget neque fermentum condimentum ac vitae sem. Donec consequat ornare. Blandit fringilla, est nunc elementum augue, eu dignissim urna neque a ex. Sed non quam neque. Proin eget gravida tellus, id luctus sem. Nam elit sem, dignissim eu tristique et, egestas vel velit.Donec et tincidunt libero, a venenatis augue. Donec ac vestibulum ante, et luctus lacus. Morbi aliquet quis tortor at fringilla. Integer erat sapien, consequat sit amet lacus ut, ullamcorper hendrerit eros. Duis finibus efficitur turpis a porta. Sed ultricies, mauris ut dictum blandit, ex mi finibus risus, et sollicitudin nisl arcu bibendum nisi.
Nanga Parbat

Ut suscipit velit ultrices dui tempus accumsan. Donec in metus et enim sagittis malesuada id ut eros. Nullam dictum in metus eu fermentum. Nunc pellentesque turpis eu porttitor lacinia. Integer lacus justo, pulvinar eget magna sed, maximus egestas enim. Duis a nulla eget neque fermentum condimentum ac vitae sem. Donec consequat ornare. Blandit fringilla, est nunc elementum augue, eu dignissim urna neque a ex. Sed non quam neque. Proin eget gravida tellus, id luctus sem. Nam elit sem, dignissim eu tristique et, egestas vel velit.Donec et tincidunt libero, a venenatis augue. Donec ac vestibulum ante, et luctus lacus. Morbi aliquet quis tortor at fringilla. Integer erat sapien, consequat sit. Integer pellentesque metus vel malesuada accumsan. Proin egestas sollicitudin libero a convallis. Integer sed faucibus eros. Quisque maximus felis est, vel venenatis nisi faucibus non. Ut suscipit velit ultrices dui tempus accumsan. Donec in metus et enim sagittis malesuada id ut eros. Nullam dictum in metus eu fermentum. Nunc pellentesque turpis eu porttitor lacinia. Integer lacus justo, pulvinar eget magna sed, maximus egestas enim. Duis a nulla eget neque fermentum condimentum ac vitae sem. Donec consequat ornare. Blandit fringilla, est nunc elementum augue, eu dignissim urna neque a ex. Sed non quam neque. Proin eget gravida tellus, id luctus sem.

Ut suscipit velit ultrices dui tempus accumsan. Donec in metus et enim sagittis malesuada id ut eros. Nullam dictum in metus eu fermentum. Nunc pellentesque turpis eu porttitor lacinia. Integer lacus justo, pulvinar eget magna sed, maximus egestas enim.

Vestibulum porttitor fermentum quam, sit amet pharetra ligula vestibulum id. Nulla felis mi, blandit sed egestas non, placerat et nisi. Cras eu lectus ipsum. Integer et cursus ante. In orci enim, scelerisque eget tellus non, iaculis porta lorem. Curabitur gravida accumsan diam quis auctor. Proin hendrerit lorem consectetur, mattis velit molestie, sagittis massa. Donec et urna vel turpis pulvinar hendrerit eu et turpis. Etiam eu eleifend velit, a dignissim urna. Donec laoreet massa vel nunc luctus aliquam. Ut suscipit velit ultrices dui tempus accumsan. Donec in metus et enim sagittis malesuada id ut eros. Nullam dictum in metus eu fermentum. Nunc pellentesque turpis eu porttitor lacinia. Integer lacus justo, pulvinar eget magna sed, maximus egestas enim. Duis a nulla eget neque fermentum condimentum ac vitae sem. Donec consequat ornare. Blandit fringilla, est nunc elementum augue.

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Digital Experience

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Quisque posuere consequat nisl a sagittis. Maecenas euismod nunc eget eros tincidunt, eu consequat tellus bibendum. Vestibulum ultrices varius elit, non vulputate nunc efficitur ut. Morbi vulputate sapien elementum dictum lobortis. Nunc sodales, mi sit amet pretium pellentesque, turpis lectus lobortis odio, in dictum enim nisi elementum odio. Vestibulum tempor, eros vel facilisis lacinia, ligula sem porttitor elit, ac vulputate velit nibh a elit. Cras tristique ultricies facilisis. Nam augue neque, pulvinar sed nibh ac, vestibulum efficitur ligula. Donec ut ligula sed eros sagittis sollicitudin. In hac habitasse platea dictumst. Phasellus sed molestie mauris. Interdum et malesuada fames ac ante ipsum primis in faucibus. Nunc scelerisque elit quis enim congue, in bibendum tortor vestibulum. Phasellus at lobortis ipsum. Nullam consequat sit amet diam sit amet faucibus. Sed commodo congue volutpat phasellus tempor erat massa.


Rocky Mountains
Integer pellentesque metus vel malesuada accumsan. Proin egestas sollicitudin libero a convallis. Integer sed faucibus eros. Quisque maximus felis est, vel venenatis nisi faucibus non. Ut suscipit velit ultrices dui tempus accumsan. Donec in metus et enim sagittis malesuada id ut eros. Nullam dictum in metus eu fermentum. Nunc pellentesque turpis eu porttitor lacinia. Integer lacus justo, pulvinar eget magna sed, maximus egestas enim. Duis a nulla eget neque fermentum condimentum ac vitae sem. Donec consequat ornare. Blandit fringilla, est nunc elementum augue, eu dignissim urna neque a ex. Sed non quam neque. Proin eget gravida tellus, id luctus sem. Nam elit sem, dignissim eu tristique et, egestas vel velit.Donec et tincidunt libero, a venenatis augue. Donec ac vestibulum ante, et luctus lacus. Morbi aliquet quis tortor at fringilla. Integer erat sapien, consequat sit amet lacus ut, ullamcorper hendrerit eros. Duis finibus efficitur turpis a porta. Sed ultricies, mauris ut dictum blandit, ex mi finibus risus, et sollicitudin nisl arcu bibendum nisi.
Nanga Parbat

Ut suscipit velit ultrices dui tempus accumsan. Donec in metus et enim sagittis malesuada id ut eros. Nullam dictum in metus eu fermentum. Nunc pellentesque turpis eu porttitor lacinia. Integer lacus justo, pulvinar eget magna sed, maximus egestas enim. Duis a nulla eget neque fermentum condimentum ac vitae sem. Donec consequat ornare. Blandit fringilla, est nunc elementum augue, eu dignissim urna neque a ex. Sed non quam neque. Proin eget gravida tellus, id luctus sem. Nam elit sem, dignissim eu tristique et, egestas vel velit.Donec et tincidunt libero, a venenatis augue. Donec ac vestibulum ante, et luctus lacus. Morbi aliquet quis tortor at fringilla. Integer erat sapien, consequat sit. Integer pellentesque metus vel malesuada accumsan. Proin egestas sollicitudin libero a convallis. Integer sed faucibus eros. Quisque maximus felis est, vel venenatis nisi faucibus non. Ut suscipit velit ultrices dui tempus accumsan. Donec in metus et enim sagittis malesuada id ut eros. Nullam dictum in metus eu fermentum. Nunc pellentesque turpis eu porttitor lacinia. Integer lacus justo, pulvinar eget magna sed, maximus egestas enim. Duis a nulla eget neque fermentum condimentum ac vitae sem. Donec consequat ornare. Blandit fringilla, est nunc elementum augue, eu dignissim urna neque a ex. Sed non quam neque. Proin eget gravida tellus, id luctus sem.

Ut suscipit velit ultrices dui tempus accumsan. Donec in metus et enim sagittis malesuada id ut eros. Nullam dictum in metus eu fermentum. Nunc pellentesque turpis eu porttitor lacinia. Integer lacus justo, pulvinar eget magna sed, maximus egestas enim.

Vestibulum porttitor fermentum quam, sit amet pharetra ligula vestibulum id. Nulla felis mi, blandit sed egestas non, placerat et nisi. Cras eu lectus ipsum. Integer et cursus ante. In orci enim, scelerisque eget tellus non, iaculis porta lorem. Curabitur gravida accumsan diam quis auctor. Proin hendrerit lorem consectetur, mattis velit molestie, sagittis massa. Donec et urna vel turpis pulvinar hendrerit eu et turpis. Etiam eu eleifend velit, a dignissim urna. Donec laoreet massa vel nunc luctus aliquam. Ut suscipit velit ultrices dui tempus accumsan. Donec in metus et enim sagittis malesuada id ut eros. Nullam dictum in metus eu fermentum. Nunc pellentesque turpis eu porttitor lacinia. Integer lacus justo, pulvinar eget magna sed, maximus egestas enim. Duis a nulla eget neque fermentum condimentum ac vitae sem. Donec consequat ornare. Blandit fringilla, est nunc elementum augue.

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Cybersecurity

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Quisque posuere consequat nisl a sagittis. Maecenas euismod nunc eget eros tincidunt, eu consequat tellus bibendum. Vestibulum ultrices varius elit, non vulputate nunc efficitur ut. Morbi vulputate sapien elementum dictum lobortis. Nunc sodales, mi sit amet pretium pellentesque, turpis lectus lobortis odio, in dictum enim nisi elementum odio. Vestibulum tempor, eros vel facilisis lacinia, ligula sem porttitor elit, ac vulputate velit nibh a elit. Cras tristique ultricies facilisis. Nam augue neque, pulvinar sed nibh ac, vestibulum efficitur ligula. Donec ut ligula sed eros sagittis sollicitudin. In hac habitasse platea dictumst. Phasellus sed molestie mauris. Interdum et malesuada fames ac ante ipsum primis in faucibus. Nunc scelerisque elit quis enim congue, in bibendum tortor vestibulum. Phasellus at lobortis ipsum. Nullam consequat sit amet diam sit amet faucibus. Sed commodo congue volutpat phasellus tempor erat massa.


Rocky Mountains
Integer pellentesque metus vel malesuada accumsan. Proin egestas sollicitudin libero a convallis. Integer sed faucibus eros. Quisque maximus felis est, vel venenatis nisi faucibus non. Ut suscipit velit ultrices dui tempus accumsan. Donec in metus et enim sagittis malesuada id ut eros. Nullam dictum in metus eu fermentum. Nunc pellentesque turpis eu porttitor lacinia. Integer lacus justo, pulvinar eget magna sed, maximus egestas enim. Duis a nulla eget neque fermentum condimentum ac vitae sem. Donec consequat ornare. Blandit fringilla, est nunc elementum augue, eu dignissim urna neque a ex. Sed non quam neque. Proin eget gravida tellus, id luctus sem. Nam elit sem, dignissim eu tristique et, egestas vel velit.Donec et tincidunt libero, a venenatis augue. Donec ac vestibulum ante, et luctus lacus. Morbi aliquet quis tortor at fringilla. Integer erat sapien, consequat sit amet lacus ut, ullamcorper hendrerit eros. Duis finibus efficitur turpis a porta. Sed ultricies, mauris ut dictum blandit, ex mi finibus risus, et sollicitudin nisl arcu bibendum nisi.
Nanga Parbat

Ut suscipit velit ultrices dui tempus accumsan. Donec in metus et enim sagittis malesuada id ut eros. Nullam dictum in metus eu fermentum. Nunc pellentesque turpis eu porttitor lacinia. Integer lacus justo, pulvinar eget magna sed, maximus egestas enim. Duis a nulla eget neque fermentum condimentum ac vitae sem. Donec consequat ornare. Blandit fringilla, est nunc elementum augue, eu dignissim urna neque a ex. Sed non quam neque. Proin eget gravida tellus, id luctus sem. Nam elit sem, dignissim eu tristique et, egestas vel velit.Donec et tincidunt libero, a venenatis augue. Donec ac vestibulum ante, et luctus lacus. Morbi aliquet quis tortor at fringilla. Integer erat sapien, consequat sit. Integer pellentesque metus vel malesuada accumsan. Proin egestas sollicitudin libero a convallis. Integer sed faucibus eros. Quisque maximus felis est, vel venenatis nisi faucibus non. Ut suscipit velit ultrices dui tempus accumsan. Donec in metus et enim sagittis malesuada id ut eros. Nullam dictum in metus eu fermentum. Nunc pellentesque turpis eu porttitor lacinia. Integer lacus justo, pulvinar eget magna sed, maximus egestas enim. Duis a nulla eget neque fermentum condimentum ac vitae sem. Donec consequat ornare. Blandit fringilla, est nunc elementum augue, eu dignissim urna neque a ex. Sed non quam neque. Proin eget gravida tellus, id luctus sem.

Ut suscipit velit ultrices dui tempus accumsan. Donec in metus et enim sagittis malesuada id ut eros. Nullam dictum in metus eu fermentum. Nunc pellentesque turpis eu porttitor lacinia. Integer lacus justo, pulvinar eget magna sed, maximus egestas enim.

Vestibulum porttitor fermentum quam, sit amet pharetra ligula vestibulum id. Nulla felis mi, blandit sed egestas non, placerat et nisi. Cras eu lectus ipsum. Integer et cursus ante. In orci enim, scelerisque eget tellus non, iaculis porta lorem. Curabitur gravida accumsan diam quis auctor. Proin hendrerit lorem consectetur, mattis velit molestie, sagittis massa. Donec et urna vel turpis pulvinar hendrerit eu et turpis. Etiam eu eleifend velit, a dignissim urna. Donec laoreet massa vel nunc luctus aliquam. Ut suscipit velit ultrices dui tempus accumsan. Donec in metus et enim sagittis malesuada id ut eros. Nullam dictum in metus eu fermentum. Nunc pellentesque turpis eu porttitor lacinia. Integer lacus justo, pulvinar eget magna sed, maximus egestas enim. Duis a nulla eget neque fermentum condimentum ac vitae sem. Donec consequat ornare. Blandit fringilla, est nunc elementum augue.

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Cybersecurity

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Quisque posuere consequat nisl a sagittis. Maecenas euismod nunc eget eros tincidunt, eu consequat tellus bibendum. Vestibulum ultrices varius elit, non vulputate nunc efficitur ut. Morbi vulputate sapien elementum dictum lobortis. Nunc sodales, mi sit amet pretium pellentesque, turpis lectus lobortis odio, in dictum enim nisi elementum odio. Vestibulum tempor, eros vel facilisis lacinia, ligula sem porttitor elit, ac vulputate velit nibh a elit. Cras tristique ultricies facilisis. Nam augue neque, pulvinar sed nibh ac, vestibulum efficitur ligula. Donec ut ligula sed eros sagittis sollicitudin. In hac habitasse platea dictumst. Phasellus sed molestie mauris. Interdum et malesuada fames ac ante ipsum primis in faucibus. Nunc scelerisque elit quis enim congue, in bibendum tortor vestibulum. Phasellus at lobortis ipsum. Nullam consequat sit amet diam sit amet faucibus. Sed commodo congue volutpat phasellus tempor erat massa.


Rocky Mountains
Integer pellentesque metus vel malesuada accumsan. Proin egestas sollicitudin libero a convallis. Integer sed faucibus eros. Quisque maximus felis est, vel venenatis nisi faucibus non. Ut suscipit velit ultrices dui tempus accumsan. Donec in metus et enim sagittis malesuada id ut eros. Nullam dictum in metus eu fermentum. Nunc pellentesque turpis eu porttitor lacinia. Integer lacus justo, pulvinar eget magna sed, maximus egestas enim. Duis a nulla eget neque fermentum condimentum ac vitae sem. Donec consequat ornare. Blandit fringilla, est nunc elementum augue, eu dignissim urna neque a ex. Sed non quam neque. Proin eget gravida tellus, id luctus sem. Nam elit sem, dignissim eu tristique et, egestas vel velit.Donec et tincidunt libero, a venenatis augue. Donec ac vestibulum ante, et luctus lacus. Morbi aliquet quis tortor at fringilla. Integer erat sapien, consequat sit amet lacus ut, ullamcorper hendrerit eros. Duis finibus efficitur turpis a porta. Sed ultricies, mauris ut dictum blandit, ex mi finibus risus, et sollicitudin nisl arcu bibendum nisi.
Nanga Parbat

Ut suscipit velit ultrices dui tempus accumsan. Donec in metus et enim sagittis malesuada id ut eros. Nullam dictum in metus eu fermentum. Nunc pellentesque turpis eu porttitor lacinia. Integer lacus justo, pulvinar eget magna sed, maximus egestas enim. Duis a nulla eget neque fermentum condimentum ac vitae sem. Donec consequat ornare. Blandit fringilla, est nunc elementum augue, eu dignissim urna neque a ex. Sed non quam neque. Proin eget gravida tellus, id luctus sem. Nam elit sem, dignissim eu tristique et, egestas vel velit.Donec et tincidunt libero, a venenatis augue. Donec ac vestibulum ante, et luctus lacus. Morbi aliquet quis tortor at fringilla. Integer erat sapien, consequat sit. Integer pellentesque metus vel malesuada accumsan. Proin egestas sollicitudin libero a convallis. Integer sed faucibus eros. Quisque maximus felis est, vel venenatis nisi faucibus non. Ut suscipit velit ultrices dui tempus accumsan. Donec in metus et enim sagittis malesuada id ut eros. Nullam dictum in metus eu fermentum. Nunc pellentesque turpis eu porttitor lacinia. Integer lacus justo, pulvinar eget magna sed, maximus egestas enim. Duis a nulla eget neque fermentum condimentum ac vitae sem. Donec consequat ornare. Blandit fringilla, est nunc elementum augue, eu dignissim urna neque a ex. Sed non quam neque. Proin eget gravida tellus, id luctus sem.

Ut suscipit velit ultrices dui tempus accumsan. Donec in metus et enim sagittis malesuada id ut eros. Nullam dictum in metus eu fermentum. Nunc pellentesque turpis eu porttitor lacinia. Integer lacus justo, pulvinar eget magna sed, maximus egestas enim.

Vestibulum porttitor fermentum quam, sit amet pharetra ligula vestibulum id. Nulla felis mi, blandit sed egestas non, placerat et nisi. Cras eu lectus ipsum. Integer et cursus ante. In orci enim, scelerisque eget tellus non, iaculis porta lorem. Curabitur gravida accumsan diam quis auctor. Proin hendrerit lorem consectetur, mattis velit molestie, sagittis massa. Donec et urna vel turpis pulvinar hendrerit eu et turpis. Etiam eu eleifend velit, a dignissim urna. Donec laoreet massa vel nunc luctus aliquam. Ut suscipit velit ultrices dui tempus accumsan. Donec in metus et enim sagittis malesuada id ut eros. Nullam dictum in metus eu fermentum. Nunc pellentesque turpis eu porttitor lacinia. Integer lacus justo, pulvinar eget magna sed, maximus egestas enim. Duis a nulla eget neque fermentum condimentum ac vitae sem. Donec consequat ornare. Blandit fringilla, est nunc elementum augue.

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Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Quisque posuere consequat nisl a sagittis. Maecenas euismod nunc eget eros tincidunt, eu consequat tellus bibendum. Vestibulum ultrices varius elit, non vulputate nunc efficitur ut. Morbi vulputate sapien elementum dictum lobortis. Nunc sodales, mi sit amet pretium pellentesque, turpis lectus lobortis odio, in dictum enim nisi elementum odio. Vestibulum tempor, eros vel facilisis lacinia, ligula sem porttitor elit, ac vulputate velit nibh a elit. Cras tristique ultricies facilisis. Nam augue neque, pulvinar sed nibh ac, vestibulum efficitur ligula. Donec ut ligula sed eros sagittis sollicitudin. In hac habitasse platea dictumst. Phasellus sed molestie mauris. Interdum et malesuada fames ac ante ipsum primis in faucibus. Nunc scelerisque elit quis enim congue, in bibendum tortor vestibulum. Phasellus at lobortis ipsum. Nullam consequat sit amet diam sit amet faucibus. Sed commodo congue volutpat phasellus tempor erat massa.



Rocky Mountains

Integer pellentesque metus vel malesuada accumsan. Proin egestas sollicitudin libero a convallis. Integer sed faucibus eros. Quisque maximus felis est, vel venenatis nisi faucibus non. Ut suscipit velit ultrices dui tempus accumsan. Donec in metus et enim sagittis malesuada id ut eros. Nullam dictum in metus eu fermentum. Nunc pellentesque turpis eu porttitor lacinia. Integer lacus justo, pulvinar eget magna sed, maximus egestas enim. Duis a nulla eget neque fermentum condimentum ac vitae sem. Donec consequat ornare. Blandit fringilla, est nunc elementum augue, eu dignissim urna neque a ex. Sed non quam neque. Proin eget gravida tellus, id luctus sem. Nam elit sem, dignissim eu tristique et, egestas vel velit.Donec et tincidunt libero, a venenatis augue. Donec ac vestibulum ante, et luctus lacus. Morbi aliquet quis tortor at fringilla. Integer erat sapien, consequat sit amet lacus ut, ullamcorper hendrerit eros. Duis finibus efficitur turpis a porta. Sed ultricies, mauris ut dictum blandit, ex mi finibus risus, et sollicitudin nisl arcu bibendum nisi.

Nanga Parbat

Ut suscipit velit ultrices dui tempus accumsan. Donec in metus et enim sagittis malesuada id ut eros. Nullam dictum in metus eu fermentum. Nunc pellentesque turpis eu porttitor lacinia. Integer lacus justo, pulvinar eget magna sed, maximus egestas enim. Duis a nulla eget neque fermentum condimentum ac vitae sem. Donec consequat ornare. Blandit fringilla, est nunc elementum augue, eu dignissim urna neque a ex. Sed non quam neque. Proin eget gravida tellus, id luctus sem. Nam elit sem, dignissim eu tristique et, egestas vel velit.Donec et tincidunt libero, a venenatis augue. Donec ac vestibulum ante, et luctus lacus. Morbi aliquet quis tortor at fringilla. Integer erat sapien, consequat sit. Integer pellentesque metus vel malesuada accumsan. Proin egestas sollicitudin libero a convallis. Integer sed faucibus eros. Quisque maximus felis est, vel venenatis nisi faucibus non. Ut suscipit velit ultrices dui tempus accumsan. Donec in metus et enim sagittis malesuada id ut eros. Nullam dictum in metus eu fermentum. Nunc pellentesque turpis eu porttitor lacinia. Integer lacus justo, pulvinar eget magna sed, maximus egestas enim. Duis a nulla eget neque fermentum condimentum ac vitae sem. Donec consequat ornare. Blandit fringilla, est nunc elementum augue, eu dignissim urna neque a ex. Sed non quam neque. Proin eget gravida tellus, id luctus sem.

Ut suscipit velit ultrices dui tempus accumsan. Donec in metus et enim sagittis malesuada id ut eros. Nullam dictum in metus eu fermentum. Nunc pellentesque turpis eu porttitor lacinia. Integer lacus justo, pulvinar eget magna sed, maximus egestas enim.

Vestibulum porttitor fermentum quam, sit amet pharetra ligula vestibulum id. Nulla felis mi, blandit sed egestas non, placerat et nisi. Cras eu lectus ipsum. Integer et cursus ante. In orci enim, scelerisque eget tellus non, iaculis porta lorem. Curabitur gravida accumsan diam quis auctor. Proin hendrerit lorem consectetur, mattis velit molestie, sagittis massa. Donec et urna vel turpis pulvinar hendrerit eu et turpis. Etiam eu eleifend velit, a dignissim urna. Donec laoreet massa vel nunc luctus aliquam. Ut suscipit velit ultrices dui tempus accumsan. Donec in metus et enim sagittis malesuada id ut eros. Nullam dictum in metus eu fermentum. Nunc pellentesque turpis eu porttitor lacinia. Integer lacus justo, pulvinar eget magna sed, maximus egestas enim. Duis a nulla eget neque fermentum condimentum ac vitae sem. Donec consequat ornare. Blandit fringilla, est nunc elementum augue.

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Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Quisque posuere consequat nisl a sagittis. Maecenas euismod nunc eget eros tincidunt, eu consequat tellus bibendum. Vestibulum ultrices varius elit, non vulputate nunc efficitur ut. Morbi vulputate sapien elementum dictum lobortis. Nunc sodales, mi sit amet pretium pellentesque, turpis lectus lobortis odio, in dictum enim nisi elementum odio. Vestibulum tempor, eros vel facilisis lacinia, ligula sem porttitor elit, ac vulputate velit nibh a elit. Cras tristique ultricies facilisis. Nam augue neque, pulvinar sed nibh ac, vestibulum efficitur ligula. Donec ut ligula sed eros sagittis sollicitudin. In hac habitasse platea dictumst. Phasellus sed molestie mauris. Interdum et malesuada fames ac ante ipsum primis in faucibus. Nunc scelerisque elit quis enim congue, in bibendum tortor vestibulum. Phasellus at lobortis ipsum. Nullam consequat sit amet diam sit amet faucibus. Sed commodo congue volutpat phasellus tempor erat massa.



Rocky Mountains

Integer pellentesque metus vel malesuada accumsan. Proin egestas sollicitudin libero a convallis. Integer sed faucibus eros. Quisque maximus felis est, vel venenatis nisi faucibus non. Ut suscipit velit ultrices dui tempus accumsan. Donec in metus et enim sagittis malesuada id ut eros. Nullam dictum in metus eu fermentum. Nunc pellentesque turpis eu porttitor lacinia. Integer lacus justo, pulvinar eget magna sed, maximus egestas enim. Duis a nulla eget neque fermentum condimentum ac vitae sem. Donec consequat ornare. Blandit fringilla, est nunc elementum augue, eu dignissim urna neque a ex. Sed non quam neque. Proin eget gravida tellus, id luctus sem. Nam elit sem, dignissim eu tristique et, egestas vel velit.Donec et tincidunt libero, a venenatis augue. Donec ac vestibulum ante, et luctus lacus. Morbi aliquet quis tortor at fringilla. Integer erat sapien, consequat sit amet lacus ut, ullamcorper hendrerit eros. Duis finibus efficitur turpis a porta. Sed ultricies, mauris ut dictum blandit, ex mi finibus risus, et sollicitudin nisl arcu bibendum nisi.

Nanga Parbat

Ut suscipit velit ultrices dui tempus accumsan. Donec in metus et enim sagittis malesuada id ut eros. Nullam dictum in metus eu fermentum. Nunc pellentesque turpis eu porttitor lacinia. Integer lacus justo, pulvinar eget magna sed, maximus egestas enim. Duis a nulla eget neque fermentum condimentum ac vitae sem. Donec consequat ornare. Blandit fringilla, est nunc elementum augue, eu dignissim urna neque a ex. Sed non quam neque. Proin eget gravida tellus, id luctus sem. Nam elit sem, dignissim eu tristique et, egestas vel velit.Donec et tincidunt libero, a venenatis augue. Donec ac vestibulum ante, et luctus lacus. Morbi aliquet quis tortor at fringilla. Integer erat sapien, consequat sit. Integer pellentesque metus vel malesuada accumsan. Proin egestas sollicitudin libero a convallis. Integer sed faucibus eros. Quisque maximus felis est, vel venenatis nisi faucibus non. Ut suscipit velit ultrices dui tempus accumsan. Donec in metus et enim sagittis malesuada id ut eros. Nullam dictum in metus eu fermentum. Nunc pellentesque turpis eu porttitor lacinia. Integer lacus justo, pulvinar eget magna sed, maximus egestas enim. Duis a nulla eget neque fermentum condimentum ac vitae sem. Donec consequat ornare. Blandit fringilla, est nunc elementum augue, eu dignissim urna neque a ex. Sed non quam neque. Proin eget gravida tellus, id luctus sem.

Ut suscipit velit ultrices dui tempus accumsan. Donec in metus et enim sagittis malesuada id ut eros. Nullam dictum in metus eu fermentum. Nunc pellentesque turpis eu porttitor lacinia. Integer lacus justo, pulvinar eget magna sed, maximus egestas enim.

Vestibulum porttitor fermentum quam, sit amet pharetra ligula vestibulum id. Nulla felis mi, blandit sed egestas non, placerat et nisi. Cras eu lectus ipsum. Integer et cursus ante. In orci enim, scelerisque eget tellus non, iaculis porta lorem. Curabitur gravida accumsan diam quis auctor. Proin hendrerit lorem consectetur, mattis velit molestie, sagittis massa. Donec et urna vel turpis pulvinar hendrerit eu et turpis. Etiam eu eleifend velit, a dignissim urna. Donec laoreet massa vel nunc luctus aliquam. Ut suscipit velit ultrices dui tempus accumsan. Donec in metus et enim sagittis malesuada id ut eros. Nullam dictum in metus eu fermentum. Nunc pellentesque turpis eu porttitor lacinia. Integer lacus justo, pulvinar eget magna sed, maximus egestas enim. Duis a nulla eget neque fermentum condimentum ac vitae sem. Donec consequat ornare. Blandit fringilla, est nunc elementum augue.

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